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Mato Grosso, Brazil, in the 1930s Photographic Album

Identifier: 2022-016

Scope and Contents

This photographic album contains 42 black and white photographs of Companhia Viação São Paulo as the company developed the area of the upper Paraná River in Mato Grosso do Sul during the 1930s. Photographs are of towns, ports, ships, and company operations around the Paraná River as well as landscape surrounding the area in both Brazil and Argentina. All photographs measure approximately 3 1/4" x 4 1/4" and are captioned.


  • circa 1930s

Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research. Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection. Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Due to the nature of certain archival formats, including digital and audio-visual materials, access to certain materials may require additional advance notice.

Conditions Governing Use

Researchers are responsible for using the materials in conformance with United States copyright law as well as any donor restrictions accompanying the materials. The user assumes all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any copyright claimants in collection materials. Copyright for official University records is held by The University of Alabama. The library claims only physical ownership of many manuscript collections. Anyone wishing to broadcast or publish this material must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of literary property rights or copyrights. Please contact Special Collections ( with questions regarding specific manuscript collections. For more information about copyright policy, please visit: Any materials used for academic research or otherwise should be fully credited with the source. Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals without the consent of those individuals may have legal implications, for which the University of Alabama assumes no responsibility.

Biographical / Historical

The Brazilian state Mato Grosso is the third largest state in the country with open pasture and vegetation covering roughly 40% of its area. Mato Grosso did not define land ownership policy until about the 1960s, which allowed for developers to exploit rural land for private business colonization. The objective was for businesses to purchase land in Mato Grosso and develop it into agricultural spaces or ranches using the newly constructed infrastructures throughout the region. With the colonization projects, land was cleared and destroyed leading to economic destability and limitations. Brazil slowly began to take control of individual companies beginning as early as the 1940s as colonization projects were leading to compromised education, housing, health, and social standards. Companhia Viação São Paulo went under government control in 1942 until it closed in 1972.


0.2 Linear Feet

Language of Materials


Guide to Mato Grosso, Brazil, in the 1930s Photographic Album
September 2022
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the The University of Alabama Libraries Special Collections Repository

Box 870266
Tuscaloosa AL 35487-0266