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Sheldon C. Treat Civil War Correspondence

Identifier: MSS-4235

Scope and Contents

The Sheldon C. Treat Civil War Correspondence contains twenty-two letters and a short biographical document. Four letters were written by Treat before he enlisted as a Union soldier in in the US Civil War in August 1861. Fourteen letters by Treat cover his time serving in the war, and include his descriptions of the Battle of Pea Ridge (Arkansas, 1862), the Battle of Fort Hindman (Arkansas, 1863), and other events. Another three letters were written by Treat after the war was over. The collection also contains an 1861 letter from Treat’s commanding officer.


  • 1860-1873, undated

Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research. Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection. Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Due to the nature of certain archival formats, including digital and audio-visual materials, access to certain materials may require additional advance notice.

Conditions Governing Use

Researchers are responsible for using the materials in conformance with United States copyright law as well as any donor restrictions accompanying the materials. The user assumes all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any copyright claimants in collection materials. Copyright for official University records is held by The University of Alabama. The library claims only physical ownership of many manuscript collections. Anyone wishing to broadcast or publish this material must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of literary property rights or copyrights. Please contact Special Collections ( with questions regarding specific manuscript collections.

For more information about copyright policy, please visit: Any materials used for academic research or otherwise should be fully credited with the source.

Biographical / Historical

Sheldon C. Treat was born in West Haven, Connecticut. His parents were Stephen and Mary Treat. In 1859, he moved to St. Joseph, Missouri, to look for work as a carpenter. After about a year, in 1860, he relocated to Des Moines, Iowa. He enlisted as a soldier in the Fourth Iowa Infantry, Company E, and began service on August 8, 1861. Treat took part in seventeen battles of the US Civil War. He was involved in William Tecumseh Sherman’s Savannah Campaign (or March to the Sea) from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia, in 1864. Upon arrival in Savannah, Treat and his company finished their service. Treat settled in Iowa and later moved to Missouri.


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Language of Materials



Sheldon C. Treat was a Union soldier in the US Civil War as part of the Fourth Iowa Infantry. This collection includes twenty-one letters he wrote to his family in New England, most of them sent in 1862-1863 during his war service. It also contains a letter from his commanding officer, and a short biographical document.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

The University of Alabama Libraries acquired the Sheldon C. Treat Civil War Correspondence in 2018.

Processing Information

Processed by Erin Ryan, August 2018.
Guide to the Sheldon C. Treat Civil War Correspondence
Erin Ryan
October 2018
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note

Repository Details

Part of the The University of Alabama Libraries Special Collections Repository

Box 870266
Tuscaloosa AL 35487-0266