Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands labor contract
Scope and Contents
The collection contains a labor contract dated 16 June 1865, with estate of Greene Underwood of Dallas County, Alabama, binding former slaves to work the plantation in return for food, clothing and medical care.
- 1865 June 16
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Biographical / Historical
The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, usually referred to as simply the Freedmen's Bureau, was a U.S. federal government agency that aided distressed freedmen (freed slaves) in 1865–1869, during the Reconstruction era of the United States. The Freedmen's Bureau Bill, which created the Freedmen's Bureau, was initiated by President Abraham Lincoln and was intended to last for one year after the end of the Civil War. It was passed on March 3, 1865, by Congress to aid former slaves through legal food and housing, oversight, education, health care, and employment contracts with private landowners. It became a key agency during Reconstruction, assisting freed ex-slaves in the South. The Bureau was part of the United States Department of War. Headed by Union Army General Oliver O. Howard, the Bureau was operational from 1865 to 1871. It was disbanded under President Ulysses S. Grant.
0.04 Linear Feet (1 item , 4 leaves; photocopy)
Language of Materials
Labor contract dated 16 June 1865 with estate of Greene Underwood of Dallas Co., Alabama, binding former slaves to plantation in return for food, clothing and medical care
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unknown, 2008; updated by Martha Bace, 2012
- Guide to the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands labor contract
- February 2008
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