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Muscle Shoals, Alabama, in 1918-1919 Photographic Album

Identifier: 2022-015

Scope and Contents

The collection is of one photographic album of 145 photographs documenting the construction of United States Nitrate Plant Number 2 and the people of Muscle Shoals, Alabama during 1918 and 1919. In addition to the construction photographs there are many of the daily life and tent cities erected for workers in the area. The photographs are mounted, measuring 3½”x 3¾” to 3½” x 6”, and most are captioned beneath or on the verso.


  • 1918 - 1919

Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research. Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection. Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Due to the nature of certain archival formats, including digital and audio-visual materials, access to certain materials may require additional advance notice.

Conditions Governing Use

Researchers are responsible for using the materials in conformance with United States copyright law as well as any donor restrictions accompanying the materials. The user assumes all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any copyright claimants in collection materials. Copyright for official University records is held by The University of Alabama. The library claims only physical ownership of many manuscript collections. Anyone wishing to broadcast or publish this material must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of literary property rights or copyrights. Please contact Special Collections ( with questions regarding specific manuscript collections. For more information about copyright policy, please visit: Any materials used for academic research or otherwise should be fully credited with the source. Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals without the consent of those individuals may have legal implications, for which the University of Alabama assumes no responsibility.

Biographical / Historical

Construction began on United States Nitrite Plant Number 2 in Muscle Shoals, Alabama, between February and November of 1918. The plant was built as a war measure to produce ammonium nitrate, which was a key ingredient in high explosives used during World War I. Highways had to be built to allow for ease of access from Muscle Shoals to towns also along the Tennessee River, specifically Florence, Alabama, and Sheffield, Alabama. The construction of the plant brought an influx of workers to the area so an industrial town nearby was quickly built for accommodations. This included tent colonies of temporary housing for construction and plant workers and their families.


1.0 Linear Feet

Language of Materials


Guide to Muscle Shoals, Alabama, in 1918-1919 Photographic Album
September 2022
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the The University of Alabama Libraries Special Collections Repository

Box 870266
Tuscaloosa AL 35487-0266