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Captain William McMicken Diary

 Collection
Identifier: MSS-4241

Scope and Contents

Captain William McMicken appears to have received the diary as a gift in December of 1864. Captain McMicken created entries for January through May of 1865, with a few scattered entries in October and November. The content of the entries mostly pertains to the weather and movement of the Tenth Minnesota Volunteer Infantry, including description of the New Orleans-Mobile-Montgomery Expedition of 1865. After a steady move south, the regiment moved into New Orleans, Louisiana, on February 6, 1865, and joined the campaign against Mobile, Alabama. The regiment was also involved in the Siege of Spanish Fort and Fort Blakely, and later helped with the occupation of Mobile.

Dates

  • 1865

Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research. Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection. Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Due to the nature of certain archival formats, including digital and audio-visual materials, access to certain materials may require additional advance notice.

Conditions Governing Use

Researchers are responsible for using the materials in conformance with United States copyright law as well as any donor restrictions accompanying the materials. The user assumes all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any copyright claimants in collection materials. Copyright for official University records is held by The University of Alabama. The library claims only physical ownership of many manuscript collections. Anyone wishing to broadcast or publish this material must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of literary property rights or copyrights. Please contact Special Collections (archives@ua.edu) with questions regarding specific manuscript collections. For more information about copyright policy, please visit: https://www.ua.edu/copyright/. Any materials used for academic research or otherwise should be fully credited with the source.

Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals without the consent of those individuals may have legal implications, for which the University of Alabama assumes no responsibility.

Biographical / Historical

Captain William McMicken (1827-1899) was a farmer, Recorder of Dodge County, Union soldier in the Civil War, Assessor of Internal Revenue of the First Congressional District of Minnesota, an employee of the Northern Pacific Railroad, and United States Surveyor General and Territorial Treasurer for the Washington Territory. He was born in Youngstown, New York to Charles McMicken, a Scottish immigrant, and Helen Jordan. In 1836, the family moved to Medina County, Ohio, where William McMicken attended public schools. Mr. McMicken left Ohio in 1847 for Wisconsin, where he invested in the farm machinery manufacturer E. Beatty & Company. This business venture stoked Mr. McMicken’s desire to become a farmer, and in 1854, he purchased 640 acres of untamed prairie land in Minnesota where he grew wheat until 1869. In addition to farming, Mr. McMicken also operated as the Recorder of Dodge County—a position to which he was elected in 1858 and reelected in 1860. With the onset of the Civil War, Mr. McMicken helped recruit men for Company B of the Tenth Minnesota Volunteer Infantry and was commissioned First Lieutenant. Before entering the fight in the Civil War, the Tenth Minnesota fought in the Dakota War of 1862 in which Sioux warriors began attacking Minnesotan settlements after the Federal Government failed to pay the promised annuity agreed upon in the Treaty of Traverse des Sioux of 1851. In 1863, Mr. McMicken received a promotion to the rank of captain. Captain McMicken’s regiment participated in the Battle of Nashville in 1864 and the Mobile Campaign in 1865, mustering out in August of 1865. Captain McMicken went on to serve as the Assessor of Internal Revenue of the First Congressional District of Minnesota for six years after the war until bad health forced him to resign in 1871. He then moved to the Washington Territory, where he worked for the Northern Pacific Railroad. In 1873, President Ulysses S. Grant appointed Captain McMicken the United States Surveyor General for the Washington Territory, a position he held for the next fourteen years as presidents Rutherford B. Hayes and Chester A. Arthur reappointed him. General McMicken retired from this position in 1886, and subsequently was appointed to Territorial Treasurer by Watson C. Squire—a position from which he retired two years later. He died in 1899.

Extent

.4 Linear Feet

Language of Materials

English

Overview

Captain William McMicken (1827-1899) was a farmer, Recorder of Dodge County, Union soldier in the Civil War, Assessor of Internal Revenue of the First Congressional District of Minnesota, an employee of the Northern Pacific Railroad, and United States Surveyor General and Territorial Treasurer for the Washington Territory. He appears to have received the diary as a gift in December of 1864. Captain McMicken created entries for January through May of 1865, with a few scattered entries in October and November. The content of the entries mostly pertains to the weather and movement of the Tenth Minnesota Volunteer Infantry, including description of the New Orleans-Mobile-Montgomery Expedition of 1865. After a steady move south, the regiment moved into New Orleans, Louisiana on February 6, 1865, and joined the campaign against Mobile, Alabama. The regiment was also involved in the Siege of Spanish Fort and Fort Blakely, and later helped with the occupation of Mobile.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

The Captain William McMicken Diary was acquired by The University of Alabama Libraries in 2018.

Related Materials

William McMicken papers, Manuscript Collection No. 0040 in Special Collections, University of Washington Libraries.

Processing Information

Processed by Jessica Rayman, November 2018.
Title
Guide to the Captain William McMicken Diary
Status
Completed
Author
Jessica Rayman
Date
March 2019
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin
Language of description note
English

Repository Details

Part of the The University of Alabama Libraries Special Collections Repository

Contact:
Box 870266
Tuscaloosa AL 35487-0266
205.348.0500