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Confederate Military History of Alabama

Identifier: W-0056

Scope and Contents

This 642-page typescript of General Joseph Wheeler's Confederate Military History of Alabama includes histories of infantry regiments, cavalry regiments, and battalions. Wheeler's handwritten corrections are included in the margins. The Confederate Military History of Alabama was published in 1899 by the Confederate Publishing Company in Atlanta.


  • 1899


Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research. Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection. Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Due to the nature of certain archival formats, including digital and audio-visual materials, access to certain materials may require additional advance notice.

Biographical / Historical

Joseph Wheeler was born on September 10, 1836, in Augusta, Georgia. After attending the United States Military Academy at West Point, he was commissioned as a second lieutenant and assigned to the Regiment of Mounted Riflemen stationed in New Mexico.

Wheeler resigned his position in the U. S. Army on February 27, 1861, to join the Confederate Army. In April 1861, he was named a first lieutenant of artillery. In September 1861, Wheeler was promoted to the rank of colonel of the Nineteenth Alabama Infantry. After leading a successful campaign at Shiloh, he was appointed cavalry commander of the Army of Mississippi. In January 1863, Wheeler was again promoted, becoming the cavalry commander of the Army of Tennessee, leading a successful raid at Chickamauga and covering retreats at Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge.

As the war drew to a close, Wheeler continued to conduct raids on General William Sherman's approaching army until he was captured in May 1865. Wheeler was released in June 1865.

After the war, he married Daniella Sherrod Jones in 1866 and had seven children. In 1868, the family moved to Wheeler Station, Alabama, and established a plantation. In 1898, President William McKinley appointed Wheeler major general of volunteers at the beginning of the Spanish-American War. Wheeler fought in the Battle of San Juan Hill. Wheeler died in Brooklyn, New York on January 25, 1906, and was buried in Arlington National Cemetery.

Source: Fredriksen, John C. "Joseph Wheeler." American National Biography Online


0.4 Linear Feet

Language of Materials



Manuscript of General Joseph Wheeler's Confederate Military History of Alabama.

Physical Location

The A. S. Williams III Americana Collection, Amelia Gayle Gorgas Library, The University of Alabama.


Gift of A. S. Williams III, 2010

Related Materials

Other material on Joseph Wheeler is located in the A. S. Williams III Americana Collection and the W. S. Hoole Special Collections Library. Please see the staff for assistance.


Title on phase box spine: Confederate Military History of Alabama - Original Typescript by General Joseph Wheeler

Processed by

Haley Aaron and Martha Bace, 2013



Guide to the Confederate Military History of Alabama
November 2013
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Describing Archives: A Content Standard
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Repository Details

Part of the The University of Alabama Libraries Special Collections Repository

Box 870266
Tuscaloosa AL 35487-0266