Skip to main content

Jackson Napoleon Chadwick Papers

Identifier: MSS-4168

Scope and Contents

The collection contains a bill of sale for five slaves, a soft leather wallet, and a letter regarding a pre-Civil War bond, belonging to Jackson Napoleon Chadwick and his heirs.

The wallet (7" tall and about 3.25" wide when closed) with an attached notepad includes notations that give a rare glimpse of the provenance of the wallet, from 1839 when it was given to Jackson Napoleon Chadwick by his brother S. W. Chadwick. Below this note is another written by Bessie Chadwick Minge stating that the wallet was found among her father's belonging after his death in August 1898. A final note added in January 1907, says that the "pencil was left in my husband's jacket at the time of his death." There is no signature on this last notation.

Also in this collection of papers is a bill of sale for five slaves (two girls and three boys) between the ages of eleven and sixteen. Jackson Chadwick made the purchase in Mobile in March 1861.

The final item in the collection is an 1869 letter from Charles J. Friend to David Minge regarding Friend's efforts to discharge Minge's $5,000 debt, incurred before the Civil War, to Mrs. M. E. C. Gilliam. Minge


  • 1839-1907


Biographical / Historical

Jackson Napoleon Chadwick was probably born in Texas around 1828. He had at least one brother, S. W. Chadwick. J. N. married Mary Louise (Louisa) with whom he had four children: John E., Mary, W. J., and Bessie. He died in Texas in 1898.

Bessie Croom Chadwick Minge, youngest child of Jackson N. and Mary Louise Chadwick, was born on November 12, 1853. She married John Henry Minge of Marengo County, Alabama, with whom she had eight children: John Henry, Jr.; Mary Croom; twins Bessie Chadwick and Melville Harris; Jackson Chadwick; David Harrison, infant Bessie, and Louise Chadwick. She died on June 12, 1931.

Louise Chadwick Minge Cameron, youngest child of John Henry and Bessie Chadwick Minge, was born on December 18, 1891, in Marengo County, Alabama. She married Turner Christian, with who, she had one son, Turner, Jr. She died on Mary 25, 1972.


0.1 Linear Feet

Language of Materials



A bill of sale for five slaves, a soft leather wallet, and a letter regarding a pre-Civil War bond, belonging to Jackson Napoleon Chadwick and his heirs.


gift of Libba Nicholson, 2016


To provide faster access to our materials, this finding aid was published without formal and final review. Email us at if you find mistakes or have suggestions to make this finding aid more useful for your research.

Processed by

Martha Bace, 2016
Guide to the Jackson Napoleon Chadwick Papers
February 2016
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note

Repository Details

Part of the The University of Alabama Libraries Special Collections Repository

Box 870266
Tuscaloosa AL 35487-0266