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John C. Duckworth papers

Identifier: MSS-1395

Scope and Contents note

This collection consists of signed copies of the 35th Japanese Army's declaration of surrender to US Army forces in the southern Philippines at the end of World War II. One copy is in English and the other is in Japanese characters. There is also a photograph of the actual signing, showing Brigadier General Joseph C. Hutchinsin, Assistant Division Commander and Acting Commanding Gerenal 31st Infantry Division, Brigadier General THomas F. Hickey, Commanding General 31st Division Artillery, Col. John C. Duckworth, Chief of Staff 31st Infantry Division, Technical Sergeant Yoshita Shibata (Jerry), 179th Language Detachment - Interpreter, and Lieutenant General Gyosaku Morozumi, Commanding General 35th Japanese Army.


  • 1945 September 8


Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research. Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection. Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Due to the nature of certain archival formats, including digital and audio-visual materials, access to certain materials may require additional advance notice.

Conditions Governing Use

Researchers are responsible for using the materials in conformance with United States copyright law as well as any donor restrictions accompanying the materials. The user assumes all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any copyright claimants in collection materials. Copyright for official University records is held by The University of Alabama. The library claims only physical ownership of many manuscript collections. Anyone wishing to broadcast or publish this material must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of literary property rights or copyrights. Please contact Special Collections ( with questions regarding specific manuscript collections. For more information about copyright policy, please visit: Any materials used for academic research or otherwise should be fully credited with the source. Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals without the consent of those individuals may have legal implications, for which the University of Alabama assumes no responsibility.

Biographical/Historical note

John C. Duckworth (who evidently donated these documents to the Special Collections) was a staff officer in a US Army unit operating in the southen Philippines at the end of World War II. Upon learning of the Japanese government's capitulation, the commanding general of the 35th Japanese Army asked to surrender to Duckworth's unit. Duckworth's commanding officer insisted on a formal surrender. Duckworth therefore had a staff member who was an attorney in civilian life draw up surrender documents in English and Japanese, of which several copies were made and signed, including one kept by Duckworth himself. These are his copies.


0.1 Linear Feet (2 documents and 1 photograph)

Language of Materials



Signed copies of the 35th Japanese Army's declaration of surrender to US Amry forces in the southern Philippines at the end of World War II.


Gift of John C. Duckworth, 1996


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Guide to the John C. Duckworth papers
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Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note

Repository Details

Part of the The University of Alabama Libraries Special Collections Repository

Box 870266
Tuscaloosa AL 35487-0266